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April 14, 2018

Revelation 1

John has had an amazing vision - one of great triumph and of great disaster.  As he opens what is called the prologue and the greeting we get a sense of what he saw and where he is in the vision.  John is writing to the 7 churches of Asia Minor as he addresses the good, the bad, and the ugly in their lives.  The first thing he sees is Christ in verse seven he exclaims he is coming on the clouds.  In fact we are told that in the verses concerning his ascension that Jesus would return on the clouds, just as he had left earth.  Even as the aged John now living on Patmos, he had one more task to do.  He wrote these words of commendation and confrontation to the what was then 7 significant churches.  These words are still significant for us today. Just as the churches John was addressing did not heed the words of God and are no more, so it will be with us if we do not heed these words.  You see, the church is the sum total of its members.  Our church is 147 years old, which sounds very old to us. But as far as civilization goes, 147 years is relatively young.  If we, as individual members, do not read and yield to the word so will it be with us over time – we will disappear. As you read these verses, be amazed at what John was privy to and consider your own life as you read and meditate on where you are in your walk with Jesus.

Leviticus 21-22 Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Holiness of the Priests

21 The Lord said to Moses: “Speak to Aaron’s sons, the priests, and tell them: A priest is not to make himself ceremonially unclean for a dead person among his relatives, 2 except for his immediate family: his mother, father, son, daughter, or brother. 3 He may make himself unclean for his unmarried virgin sister in his immediate family. 4 He is not to make himself unclean for those related to him by marriage[a] and so defile himself.

5 “Priests may not make bald spots on their heads, shave the edge of their beards, or make gashes on their bodies. 6 They are to be holy to their God and not profane the name of their God. For they present the fire offerings to the Lord, the food of their God, and they must be holy. 7 They are not to marry a woman defiled by prostitution.[b] They are not to marry one divorced by her husband, for the priest is holy to his God. 8 You are to consider him holy since he presents the food of your God. He will be holy to you because I, the Lord who sets you apart, am holy. 9 If a priest’s daughter defiles herself by promiscuity,[c] she defiles her father; she must be burned to death.

10 “The priest who is highest among his brothers, who has had the anointing oil poured on his head and has been ordained[d] to wear the clothes, must not dishevel his hair[e] or tear his clothes. 11 He must not go near any dead person or make himself unclean even for his father or mother. 12 He must not leave the sanctuary or he will desecrate the sanctuary of his God, for the consecration of the anointing oil of his God is on him; I am the Lord.

13 “He is to marry a woman who is a virgin. 14 He is not to marry a widow, a divorced woman, or one defiled by prostitution. He is to marry a virgin from his own people, 15 so that he does not corrupt his bloodline[f] among his people, for I am the Lord who sets him apart.”

Physical Defects and Priests

16 The Lord spoke to Moses: 17 “Tell Aaron: None of your descendants throughout your generations who has a physical defect is to come near to present the food of his God. 18 No man who has any defect is to come near: no man who is blind, lame, facially disfigured, or deformed; 19 no man who has a broken foot or hand, 20 or who is a hunchback or a dwarf,[g] or who has an eye defect, a festering rash, scabs, or a crushed testicle. 21 No descendant of the priest Aaron who has a defect is to come near to present the fire offerings to the Lord. He has a defect and is not to come near to present the food of his God. 22 He may eat the food of his God from what is especially holy as well as from what is holy. 23 But because he has a defect, he must not go near the curtain or approach the altar. He is not to desecrate my holy places, for I am the Lord who sets them apart.” 24 Moses said this to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites.

Priests and Their Food

22 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Tell Aaron and his sons to deal respectfully with the holy offerings of the Israelites that they have consecrated to me, so they do not profane my holy name; I am the Lord. 3 Say to them: If any man from any of your descendants throughout your generations is in a state of uncleanness yet approaches the holy offerings that the Israelites consecrate to the Lord, that person will be cut off from my presence; I am the Lord. 4 No man of Aaron’s descendants who has a skin disease[h] or a discharge is to eat from the holy offerings until he is clean. Whoever touches anything made unclean by a dead person or by a man who has an emission of semen, 5 or whoever touches any swarming creature that makes him unclean or any person who makes him unclean—whatever his uncleanness— 6 the man who touches any of these will remain unclean until evening and is not to eat from the holy offerings unless he has bathed his body with water. 7 When the sun has set, he will become clean, and then he may eat from the holy offerings, for that is his food. 8 He must not eat an animal that died naturally or was mauled by wild beasts,[i] making himself unclean by it; I am the Lord. 9 They must keep my instruction, or they will be guilty and die because they profane it; I am the Lord who sets them apart.

10 “No one outside a priest’s family[j] is to eat the holy offering. A foreigner staying with a priest or a hired worker is not to eat the holy offering. 11 But if a priest purchases someone with his own silver, that person may eat it, and those born in his house may eat his food. 12 If the priest’s daughter is married to a man outside a priest’s family,[k] she is not to eat from the holy contributions.[l] 13 But if the priest’s daughter becomes widowed or divorced, has no children, and returns to her father’s house as in her youth, she may share her father’s food. But no outsider may share it. 14 If anyone eats a holy offering in error, he is to add a fifth to its value and give the holy offering to the priest. 15 The priests must not profane the holy offerings the Israelites give to the Lord 16 by letting the people eat their holy offerings and having them bear the penalty of restitution. For I am the Lord who sets them apart.”

Acceptable Sacrifices

17 The Lord spoke to Moses: 18 “Speak to Aaron, his sons, and all the Israelites and tell them: Any man of the house of Israel or of the resident aliens in Israel who presents his offering—whether they present payment of vows or freewill gifts to the Lord as burnt offerings— 19 must offer an unblemished male from the cattle, sheep, or goats in order for you to be accepted. 20 You are not to present anything that has a defect, because it will not be accepted on your behalf.

21 “When a man presents a fellowship sacrifice to the Lord to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering from the herd or flock, it has to be unblemished to be acceptable; there must be no defect in it. 22 You are not to present any animal to the Lord that is blind, injured, maimed, or has a running sore, festering rash, or scabs; you may not put any of them on the altar as a fire offering to the Lord. 23 You may sacrifice as a freewill offering any animal from the herd or flock that has an elongated or stunted limb, but it is not acceptable as a vow offering. 24 You are not to present to the Lord anything that has bruised, crushed, torn, or severed testicles; you must not sacrifice them in your land. 25 Neither you nor[m] a foreigner are to present food to your God from any of these animals. They will not be accepted for you because they are deformed and have a defect.”

26 The Lord spoke to Moses: 27 “When an ox, sheep, or goat is born, it is to remain with[n] its mother for seven days; from the eighth day on, it will be acceptable as an offering, a fire offering to the Lord. 28 But you are not to slaughter an animal from the herd or flock on the same day as its young. 29 When you sacrifice a thank offering to the Lord, sacrifice it so that you may be accepted. 30 It is to be eaten on the same day. Do not let any of it remain until morning; I am the Lord.

31 “You are to keep my commands and do them; I am the Lord. 32 You must not profane my holy name; I must be treated as holy among the Israelites. I am the Lord who sets you apart, 33 the one who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God; I am the Lord.”


21:4 Lit unclean a husband among his people

21:7 Or a prostitute, or a defiled woman

21:9 Or prostitution

21:10 Lit and one has filled his hand

21:10 Or not uncover his head

21:15 Lit not profane his seed

21:20 Or or emaciated

22:4 Or has leprosy or scale disease

22:8 Lit eat a carcass or a mauled beast

22:10 Lit “No stranger

22:12 Lit to a stranger

22:12 Lit the contribution of holy offerings

22:25 Lit nor from the hand of

22:27 Lit under

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

Revelation 1 Christian Standard Bible (CSB)


1 The revelation of[a] Jesus Christ that God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, 2 who testified to the word of God and to the testimony[b] of Jesus Christ, whatever he saw.[c] 3 Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear the words of this prophecy and keep[d] what is written in it, because the time is near.

4 John: To the seven churches in Asia. Grace and peace to you from[e] the one who is, who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits[f]before his throne, 5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead and the ruler of the kings of the earth.

To him who loves us and has set us free[g] from our sins by his blood,6 and made us a kingdom,[h] priests[i] to his God and Father—to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.

7 Look, he is coming with the clouds,
and every eye will see him,
even those who pierced him.
And all the tribes[j] of the earth
will mourn over him.[k]
So it is to be. Amen.

8 “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “the one who is, who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.”

John’s Vision of the Risen Lord

9 I, John, your brother and partner in the affliction, kingdom, and endurance that are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. 10 I was in the Spirit[l] on the Lord’s day, and I heard a loud voice behind me like a trumpet11 saying, “Write on a scroll[m] what you see and send it to the seven churches: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.”

12 Then I turned to see whose voice it was that spoke to me. When I turned I saw seven golden lampstands, 13 and among the lampstands was one like the Son of Man,[n] dressed in a robe and with a golden sash wrapped around his chest. 14 The hair of his head was white as wool—white as snow—and his eyes like a fiery flame. 15 His feet were like fine bronze as it is fired in a furnace, and his voice like the sound of cascading[o] waters. 16 He had seven stars in his right hand; a sharp double-edged sword came from his mouth, and his face was shining like the sun at full strength.

17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet like a dead man. He laid his right hand on me and said, “Don’t be afraid. I am the First and the Last,18 and the Living One. I was dead, but look—I am alive forever and ever,and I hold the keys of death and Hades. 19 Therefore write what you have seen, what is, and what will take place after this. 20 The mystery of the seven stars you saw in my right hand and of the seven golden lampstands is this: The seven stars are the angels[p] of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands[q] are the seven churches.


1:1 Or Revelation of, or A revelation of

1:2 Or witness

1:2 Or as many as he saw

1:3 Or follow, or obey

1:4 Other mss add God

1:4 Or the sevenfold Spirit

1:5 Other mss read has washed us

1:6 Other mss read kings and

1:6 Or made us into (or to be) a kingdom of priests; Ex 19:6

1:7 Or peoples

1:7 Or will wail because of him

1:10 Or in spirit; lit I became in the Spirit

1:11 Or book

1:13 Or like a son of man

1:15 Lit many

1:20 Or messengers

1:20 Other mss add that you saw

Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.